International Environmental Agreements India

International Environmental Agreements in India: A Look at India`s Role in Global Environmental Stewardship

India is one of the world`s largest and most populous countries, with a rich history and diverse culture. The country is also home to a wide range of environmental challenges, from air pollution to deforestation to water scarcity. In recent years, India has taken an active role in global efforts to address these challenges, signing on to a number of international environmental agreements. In this article, we`ll take a closer look at India`s role in these agreements and what it means for the country`s environmental future.

The Paris Agreement

Perhaps the most well-known international environmental agreement, the Paris Agreement was signed in 2015 and aims to keep global temperature rise below 2 degrees Celsius. India played a key role in the negotiations leading up to the agreement, pushing for language that recognized the need for developed countries to take the lead in reducing emissions and providing financial support to developing countries like India. India ratified the agreement in 2016 and has since set ambitious targets for reducing its own emissions.

The Montreal Protocol

The Montreal Protocol was signed in 1987 and aims to phase out the production and use of substances that deplete the earth`s ozone layer. India was an early signatory to the agreement and has been a strong supporter of efforts to reduce ozone-depleting chemicals. The country has also worked to ensure that the phase-out is done in a way that protects the interests of developing countries.

The Basel Convention

The Basel Convention was signed in 1989 and aims to protect human health and the environment from the harmful effects of hazardous wastes. India was one of the first countries to ratify the convention and has since played an active role in its implementation. The country has also pushed for stronger regulations on the transport and disposal of hazardous wastes.

The Convention on Biological Diversity

The Convention on Biological Diversity was signed in 1992 and aims to protect the world`s biodiversity and promote sustainable development. India has been a strong supporter of the convention and has worked to increase awareness of the importance of biodiversity both domestically and internationally. The country`s efforts have included the creation of protected areas, the promotion of sustainable agriculture practices, and the development of traditional knowledge systems.


India`s participation in international environmental agreements is a reflection of the country`s commitment to global environmental stewardship. While there is still much work to be done to address the environmental challenges facing India and the world as a whole, these agreements provide a framework for cooperation and progress. As India continues to grow and develop, its role in global environmental efforts will only become more important.

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