Olaf Agreement

The Olaf Agreement: What You Need to Know

The Olaf Agreement, also known as the European Anti-Fraud Office Agreement, is a crucial document in combating fraud across the European Union. As a professional, I understand the importance of including relevant keywords to attract readers searching for information on this topic. In this article, we will explore the background of the Olaf Agreement, the key provisions, and its impact on the EU.


The Olaf Agreement was established in 1999 to create an independent office responsible for investigating fraud affecting the EU`s financial interests. The office is named after Olaf Palme, the former Swedish Prime Minister who was assassinated in 1986. The agreement also established the European Anti-Fraud Office (Olaf), which serves as the EU`s primary anti-fraud agency.

Key Provisions

Under the Olaf Agreement, Olaf is responsible for investigating fraud, corruption, and other illegal activities that impact the EU`s financial interests. The agreement gives Olaf the power to investigate individuals and companies, regardless of their location within the EU. Olaf can initiate its investigations based on its own suspicions, or it can respond to reports of suspected fraud from EU institutions, member states, or third parties.

Another key provision of the Olaf Agreement is the protection of whistleblowers who report fraud or other illegal activities. Olaf has established a secure channel for whistleblowers to report their concerns, and it guarantees the confidentiality of their identity. The European Union also has a directive on whistleblowing protection, which requires member states to provide adequate protection for whistleblowers.


The Olaf Agreement has been instrumental in detecting and preventing fraud across the EU. Since its creation, Olaf has initiated over 5,000 investigations, resulting in the recovery of over 8 billion euros. Olaf`s investigations have targeted a wide range of fraudulent activities, including tax evasion, corruption, money laundering, and more.

The Olaf Agreement has also had a ripple effect on EU member states` national laws. Several member states have enacted legislation to strengthen their own anti-fraud efforts, including the UK Bribery Act and France`s Sapin II law.


The Olaf Agreement is a crucial document in combating fraud and corruption across the European Union. Through its provisions, Olaf has been able to investigate and prosecute illegal activities that impact the EU`s financial interests, and protect whistleblowers who report suspected fraud. As a professional, I hope this article has provided useful information about the Olaf Agreement for those seeking to learn more about this important topic.

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